“Cannabaceae is a small family of flowering plants. As now circumscribed, the family includes about 170 species grouped in about 11 genera, including Cannabis (hemp, marijuana), Humulus (hops) and Celtis (hackberries). Celtis is by far the largest genus, containing about 100 species.
Cannabaceae is of the rose order (Rosales). Members of the family are erect or climbing plants with petalless flowers and dry, one-seeded fruits. Hemp (Cannabis) and hop (Humulus) are the only economically important species.
Other than a shared evolutionary origin, members of the family have few common characteristics; some are trees (e.g. Celtis), others are herbaceous plants (e.g. Cannabis).
Members of this family can be trees (e.g. Celtis), erect herbs (e.g. Cannabis), or twining herbs (e.g. Humulus).
Leaves are often more or less palmately lobed or palmately compound and always bear stipules. Cystoliths are always present and some members of this family possess laticifers.
Cannabaceae are often dioecious (distinct male and female plants). The flowers are actinomorphic (radially symmetrical) and not showy, as these plants are pollinated by the wind. As an adaptation to this kind of pollination, the calyx is short and there is no corolla. Flowers are grouped to form cymes. In the dioecious plants the masculine inflorescences are long and look like panicles, while the feminine are shorter and bear fewer flowers. The pistil is made of two connate carpels, the usually superior ovary is unilocular; there is no fixed number of stamens.
The fruit can be an achene or a drupe.”
Nathan Bierma, Special to the Chicago Tribune, on 30.3.07:
“Q. What are the origins of “it threw me for a loop”?
— Kathy Kaiser, Joliet
A.This one threw me for a loop.
The Oxford English Dictionary’s explanation doesn’t satisfy me. The OED says that “loop” refers to the centrifugal (or “centripetal,” to be exact) force exerted by a train, plane, or roller coaster when it travels in a loop, causing your head to spin. As Aeroplane magazine wrote in 1913, “Pegoud succeeded in looping the loop completely.”
But that explanation strikes me as too specific. Could such an all-purpose phrase really have come from the laws of physics in air travel? Especially at a time — early in the 20th Century — when “aeroplanes” and roller coasters were in their infancy?
I would be less surprised if the “loop” we’re wondering about is related to the word “looped,” an early-20th Century slang word for “drunk,” but there’s no evidence of that. (It’s not clear what’s behind the word “loopy,” meaning “crazy.”)”
Great Lakes Hops (blog post 25.9.11):
“…Did you ever hear someone being described as being loopy (like…acting stupid)? Well, the term comes from olden days of yore (pre-pharmaceutical days).
In the good ole ‘ days before aspirin and vicodin, the doctor would sedate you with compressed tablets of lupulin before they yanked your teeth out , operated, or set upon you with leeches. The lupulin was the yellow pollen stuff found in Hop plant cones! Patients under the influence of luplin ingestion were described as “loopy”.
Turned out that lupulin wasn’t much of an actual pain-killer unless you combined it with a stiff shot of alcohol. (Reminds me of those old western movies where John Wayne would take a shot of whiskey and then dig a bullet out of his own gut with a dull knife.) Thank God they found better pain-killers!
Lupulin is found in Hops cones.(And did I mention Hops are closely related to marijuana?) The hop cones are used in brewing beer. Heavy beer drinking leads to being “loopy”…”.