Image: The Wellington Monument (Irish: Leacht Wellington), or more correctly the Wellington Testimonial, is an obelisk located in the Phoenix Park, Dublin, Ireland. (The “Phoenix” of the title has Gaelic origins and is an Anglicization of “fionn uisce” which means “clear water”.)
At 62 metres (203 ft) tall, it is the largest obelisk in Europe. It was built to commemorate the victories of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, who was born in Dublin. Originally planned to be located in Merrion Square, it was built in the Phoenix Park after opposition from the square’s residents.
The monument is referenced throughout James Joyce’s “Finnegans Wake”. The first page of the novel alludes to a giant whose head is at “Howth Castle and Environs” and whose toes are at “a knock out in the park (p. 3)”. A few pages later, the monument is the site of the fictional “Willingdone Museyroom”.
“John Henry Foley (1818–1874) is best known for his statues of Daniel O’Connell in Dublin, and of Prince Albert for the Albert Memorial in London.
In 1844 Foley was chosen, along with Calder Marshall and John Bell, to produce sculptures for the decoration of the Houses of Parliament.
In 1864 he was chosen to sculpt one of the four large stone groups, each representing a continent, at the corners of George Gilbert Scott’s Albert Memorial in Kensington Gardens. His design for Asia was approved in December of that year. He did not see the Albert Memorial completed before his death. A statue of Foley himself, on the front of the Victoria and Albert Museum, depicts him as a rather gaunt figure with a moustache, wearing a floppy cap.
Following the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922, a number of Foley’s works were removed, or destroyed without notice, because the persons portrayed were considered hostile to the process of Irish independence. They included those of Lord Carlisle, Lord Dunkellin (in Galway) and Field Marshal Gough in the Phoenix Park. The statue of Lord Dunkellin was decapitated and dumped in the river as one of the first acts of the short-lived “Galway Soviet” of 1922.”
Donato Wharton, Course Tutor for Theatre Sound at the Royal Central School of Speech and Drama, writes on their website:
“A *Foley Artist (named after sound-effects artist Jack Foley) is someone who makes ‘Foley’. But what is Foley? In film, Foley is used in post-production to create sounds for the most part, of people moving. So footsteps, rustling of clothes – all these sort of close, intimate sounds that need to sync up exactly to the image. Those sounds are not recorded live on set while the image is being shot, but they’re recreated later in the studio by a Foley Artist. They’ll be watching the screen and then choosing the right sort of shoes, and flooring for instance if you’re doing footsteps, and will then literally pick characters in the image and create these sounds in real emulating the movements of the character on screen.”