“O the mind, mind has mountains; cliffs of fall/…

…Frightful, sheer, no-man-fathomed. Hold them cheap/May who ne’er hung there...

Gerard Manley Hopkins, 1880s.

From: Roussillon, René. (1995). La métapsychologie des processus et la transitionnalité. Revue française de psychanalyse, 59:

“…Beginning with Beyond the Pleasure Principle (1920g) and especially in The Ego and the Id (1923b), Freud proposed a new topography of the mental personality and apparatus in terms of the id, the ego, and the superego. The unconscious per se could no longer be treated as a single location in the psyche, for there were in fact several unconscious realms, and of different kinds. From then on, the term unconscious was used only as a qualifier applicable to mental processes, irrespective of their topographical location. A portion of the ego and of the superego were thus said to be unconscious, while components of the id could not become conscious without being transformed into representations, their original forms remaining unconscious.

The second topography did not replace the first, however. Rather, it remained in a dialectical relationship with it, thus complicating the model as a whole. Some French psychoanalysts have taken the view that the two topographies are not merely metapsychological constructs but also correspond to specific organizational modes of the psyche. Different ways of mental functioning could thus be described in terms of the first or second topography, and the metapsychological account remained closely bound up with clinical practice…”

Emily Dickinson, c. 1862:

The Brain—is wider than the Sky— /For—put them side by side—/The one the other will contain/With ease—and you—beside—

The Brain is deeper than the sea— /For—hold them—Blue to Blue— /The one the other will absorb— /As sponges—Buckets—do—

The Brain is just the weight of God— /For—Heft them—Pound for Pound— /And they will differ—if they do—/As Syllable from Sound—

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