Semper vigilo

Gareth Rose reported in The Scotsman of 18.10.13:

“Police Scotland has revealed its new logo, a combination of a thistle, Royal crown, and the Latin phrase ‘semper vigilo’, which means always alert.”

From buzzfeednews.com:

The owner, Mark Caldwell, of the Patriot Post, among the oldest conservative publications online, publishes under the pseudonym Mark Alexander. He makes use of the motto Semper Vigilo, Fortis, Paratus et Fidelis! (Always Vigilant, Strong, Prepared and Faithful).

Matthew O. Kimble, PhD, Kevin Fleming, PhD, and Kelly A. Bennion, EdM, wrote in J Interpers Violence of May 2013:

“From the first days of training, soldiers are encouraged to be vigilant for signs of danger–a behavior that is highly adaptive in war zones. However, many veterans returning from deployment seem to engage in a dysfunctional variant of vigilance and are constantly on guard even in circumstances where the risk is low. The DSM-IV-TR calls this type of behavior “hypervigilance” although there is no further specification or elaboration as to what this term means (APA, 2000). Hypervigilance is often thought to be synonymous with attentional bias although its full clinical manifestation is likely to be somewhat broader (Conoscenti, Vine, Papa, & Litz, 2009) and have cognitive, physiological and behavioral components. For example, hypervigilance may may be associated with cognitive tendencies toward suspicion, mistrust, and negative expectancies for the future (Ehlers & Clark, 2000; Ehring, Ehlers, & Glucksman, 2008; Engelhard, de Jong, van den Hout, & van Overveld, 2009). Behaviorally, hypervigilance may also include safety-seeking such as planning escape routes, maintaining weapons, and avoiding situations where one could be trapped. Hypervigilant states may also be associated with physiological arousal (Conoscenti et al., 2009). Thus, hypervigilance appears to be a cognitive, physiological, and behavioral pattern in which an individual either responds to neutral or ambiguous stimuli as if they were threatening or is enhanced in his or her detection and reaction to threatening or threat-related stimuli…

Hypervigilance continues to be an area of relevance because the symptom is theoretically and empirically linked to significant functional impairment. While vigilance may be appropriate and adaptive in many contexts, it is assumed that hypervigilance in civilian life is largely dysfunctional…”

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