MAYA WEI-HAAS wrote in National Geographic of 9 April 2019:
“Many credit Benjamin Franklin for daylight saving time thanks to a possibly satirical letter he penned for the Journal de Paris in 1784. In the letter, he expressed astonishment to see the sun rise at the early hour of six in the morning, long before most Parisians ever saw the light of day. If that were to change, he writes, the city could save an “immense sum” of candles. He never suggested a shift in clocks, however, instead offering other amusing solutions to the problem that included cannons firing in the street to rouse people from sleep, taxes for shuttered windows, and candle sales restrictions.
Others credit the idea to George Hudson, an entomologist from New Zealand, who in 1895 suggested a two-hour shift to allow for more post-work bug hunting. Soon after, William Willett proposed a similar idea to prevent wasting daylight, bringing the concept to England’s Parliament in the early 1900s.
It wasn’t until resources became scarce during World War I that Germany decided to go ahead with just such a plan, implementing the first daylight saving time in 1916 to maximize resource use during sunlit hours. The United States soon followed suit, with the country’s first seasonal time shift taking place in 1918.”
Maev Kennedy wrote in The Guardian of 11 Aug 2003:
“Some time in 2005 visitors will be able to visit the tall narrow Georgian house in the heart of London where Benjamin Franklin once sat stark naked by the large first floor sash windows, “air bathing” and thinking about bifocals, electricity, economics, American politics, British diplomacy, or how to get the fire in his back room to draw better…”