“pauvre Galinette et ses rouges oeillets”*

*from 1987 film “Manon des Sources”, based on novel of 1962 by Marcel Pagnol. Ugolin Soubeyran is also called Galinette, though only by his uncle César. “Galinette” means “little chicken” in the Provençal language.

From: An Economic History of the English Garden (2019), by Roderick Floud:

“(Leonard) Gurle had been preceded during the early 1600s by three leading London growers of fruit trees: Banbury of Tothill Street, Westminster; Warner of Southwark; and Pointer of Twickenham. There was also the florist – then the term for a flower grower – Ralph Tuggie of Westminster, whose specialism was carnations…”

In the London Review of Books of 19.02.2004, Colin Burrow reviewed Green Desire: Imagining Early Modern English Gardens, by Rebecca Bushnell:

“…Supporting these theorists of the garden were legions of nurserymen, who could make tidy fortunes out of propagating trees and shrubs for the gentry. They used nature to enable their advancement, and enjoyed surprisingly high social status, considering that the roots of their wealth lay in dung. Ben Jonson’s epitaph on Vincent Corbet, a Twickenham nurseryman who died in 1619, turns market-gardening into a moral art:

His mind as pure and neatly kept

As were his nurseries, and swept

So of uncleanness or offence,

There never came ill odour thence!

Jonson clearly thought his readers would be worrying about manure, so insists that Corbett’s nurseries were spotless. Compare this with the snobbish jokes which run through Milton’s elegies on the university carrier Thomas Hobson (who made a mint by offering students the original ‘Hobson’s choice’ of any horse so long as it was the one nearest the door), and you can see at once that nurserymen had it made: their job was refining nature, and creating little paradises on the shores of the Thames. No one could seriously object if they aspired to gentility, since gardening, even in its commercialised form, could always be allegorised into wholesomeness. From dung came sweet-scented flowers…”

A letter in response from Malcolm Thick of Harwell, Oxfordshire, appeared in the LRB of 04.03.2004:

“…(Sir Hugh) Plat had hands-on experience in the garden at his home in Bethnal Green (where, for instance, he sowed artichokes and herbs). More significantly, he collected gardening advice from gardeners to the gentry such as Mr Fowle, the queen’s gardener and a melon expert; Lord Burghley’s gardeners; and nurserymen, most notably Vincent Pointer, a tree specialist of Twickenham. Mr Andrews, ‘the greate saltmaker of Ireland’, told Plat how caterpillars might be killed and spring onions raised the year round in pots; and Sir Edward Denny, adventurer at sea, soldier in Ireland and MP, told Plat that he had, in Ireland, raised liquorice in ‘such grownde as by Nature is stony or rocky underneath the earth’. Some of Plat’s most innovative ideas were provided by Master Jacob, a London glass-maker, who piped surplus heat from his factory to hothouses where he grew carnations in the winter.

Some of this advice was false and some falsehoods were included in Plat’s published works, but there is much good material mixed with the dross…”

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