Budding technology

Image: South Downs, West Sussex

From: An Economic History of the English Garden (2019), by Roderick Floud:

“The landscapes of (Lancelot) Brown and his contemporaries and successors relied for their effects on large areas of park meadow and grassland. These were usually separated from the lawns in pleasure gardens and near the house by the Ha-Ha, a ditch with one sloping and one perpendicular side that animals cannot climb; it gives the illusion that sheep or cattle are grazing on a stretch of lawn sweeping up to the house. Animals could therefore keep the park meadows cropped, but the garden lawns were a different matter and gardeners must have welcomed the invention, by Edwin Budding in 1830, of the first lawnmower, although like many new technologies, it still took many years to come into general use.”

From the Historic England entry:

The Ha Ha, Ha-Ha Road and Charlton Park Lane SE 18 (north side)

Early C19. Hollow stretches across the common from east to west. Southern bank sloped, north bank vertical and retained by stock brick wall. Stretches from south-east corner of Charlton Cemetery in the west to Woolwich New Road in the east, South-east angle of married quarters to Woolwich Common, with two breaks for roads to cross it.”

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