University College School, Frognal

From Wikipedia:

“University College School was founded in 1830 as part of University College London and moved to its current location in Hampstead in 1907. The School opened at 16 Gower Street (from where the sobriquet ‘Old Gower’ derives) on 1 November 1830 under the name ‘The London University School’.

UCS moved away to new purpose-built buildings in Frognal in Hampstead in 1907, which were opened by Edward VII with the Archbishop of Canterbury in attendance on 27 July. Kikuchi Dairoku (who, after attending the Bansho Shirabesho, the Shogunal institute for western studies, was sent to Great Britain, in 1866, at age 11, the youngest of a group of Japanese sent by the Tokugawa shogunate to the University College School, on the advice of the then British foreign minister Edward Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby) was invited to the first annual prize giving at Frognal where he represented those who had received their prizes at Gower Street.

The main school block has been Grade II listed on the National Heritage List for England since May 1974.”

From the Historic England entry:

“Public school. 1906-7. By Arnold Mitchell, built by Dove Brothers; much of main block destroyed by fire 1978 but restored virtually in facsimile by Michael Foster. Brown brick with stone dressings; rusticated red brick and stone pilasters. Slated hipped roof over central block with central copper domed lantern flanked by stone cupolas at base of hips. STYLE: Edwardian Baroque. EXTERIOR: symmetrical design with 2 storey centre and flanking blocks linked by peristyles. Central block, 12 window centre plus 1 window recessed end bays; wings with 7 and 8 windows. Main entrance of 7 windows and ground floor colonnade flanked by rusticated pilasters with carved cartouche capitals. Central round-arched entrance with attached columns supporting elaborately carved broken scrolled pediment with festoons and central cartouche; part-glazed panelled double doors. Above this a carved statue of Edward VII in an elaborate aedicule with carved feature above (see image). Grouped architraved sashes with cornices, central windows ground floor with segmental pediments, 1st floor have triangular pediments with keystones. Parapet. The pilasters to the central block originally terminated in tall similarly rusticated chimneys. Wings have pilastered outer bays supporting broken pediments with carved cartouches above 1st floor sashes with broken pediments and keystones and ground floor windows with broken segmental pediments and keystones. Inner bays have ground floor sashes with keystones in broken pediments and upper floor oculi set in carved festoons, the drops linking to pediments beneath. Cornice and parapets. INTERIOR: has main hall with barrel-vaulted moulded plaster ceiling having Diocletian windows and wooden panelled walls with continuous 1st floor galley. The River Westbourne flows under the school in a specially built crypt. HISTORICAL NOTE: the pilasters to the central block originally terminated in tall similarly rusticated chimneys.”

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