“The station is at the eastern tip of Clapham Common and was opened on 3 June 1900 as the new southern terminus of the City & South London Railway, which was extended from Stockwell. It remained the terminus until the Morden extension was opened on 13 September 1926.”
STUART JORDAN writes at gaugemasterretail.com:
“The architect Charles Holden began working for London Transport in the 1920s. He was commissioned to design seven stations between Clapham Common and Morden. Holden designed them with double-height ticket halls, with Portland stone frontages around a glazed screen.
In 1930 Holden toured Europe with Frank Pick, the general manager of the Underground Electric Railways Company of London to view the latest continental styles of architecture. On their return Holden designed two of the most distinctive stations on the Underground for the Piccadilly Line; Arnos Grove and Southgate. Arnos Grove, designed with Charles Hutton in 1932, features a tall circular ticket hall in brick rather than Portland Stone. Similar stations were built at Chiswick Park and Park Royal.
Southgate Tube Station was built in 1933 in the Streamline Moderne style. This single-storey station has a distinctive raised middle section, with an illuminated tesla coil structure at the top.
Elsewhere, James Robb Scott was bringing Art Deco to South London. In 1937 he designed Surbiton Railway Station for the Southern Railway. With its imposing, tall-windowed frontage, Surbiton is thought to be one of the finest surviving examples of an Art Deco railway station.
Although not as imposing, Richmond station was designed and built the same year, with a distinctive square clock on the front of the building. In 1938 Scott designed the station buildings on the Chessington branch, which were all built in a concrete Art Deco style.
Scott also designed Bishopstone station in East Sussex in 1938. The octagonal main building is flanked by two extended wings, like similar stations in London. In 1940, during the Second World War, two pillboxes were built on the roof of the main building (given the station’s proximity to the sea). They were built symmetrically and of brick, so as not to ruin the aesthetic of the building.
During the inter-war period Southern Railways embraced the Streamline Moderne style. It was also known as Odeon Style, as the Odeon cinema chain used the style to give their buildings a distinctive look. One of the main ways that Southern used Streamline Moderne was on signal boxes. The Type 13 signal box was designed in this style, with a long ground floor building and oval operating room. Surviving boxes can be found at Wimbledon, Bognor Regis, Woking, Horsham, Arundel, Dorking, and Deal – although the box at Deal does not have the long ground floor.
Cardiff Central Station is an example of Art Deco style outside the south-east of England. Between 1932 to 1934 the Great Western Railway rebuilt the station in Portland stone, with a clock cupola on the roof. The words ‘Great Western Railway’ were carved onto the facade.
Art Deco was one of the first international design styles. Examples of its use around the world include; Ankara Station (1937) in Turkey, which was built by German architects, Union Station (1939) in Los Angeles, Park Avenue Station (1931) in Montreal, Canada (which is no longer in use), Pori Station (1939) in Finland, and Jakarta Kota Station (1929) in Indonesia, which was built by the Dutch architect Frans Ghijsels in a mix of Art Deco and local styles.”